Decoration of Royal Tombs in Istanbul in the Classical Era

The Ottomans followed a different path from Seljukids giving up the type of crypt and conical hat and developed the type of tomb with dome. This modification has been reflected in the decoration of the construction, too. The principles of the decoration of dynasty tombs of classical age Istanbul has appeared in Bursa and has been further developed in Istanbul. Parallel with the developments in the architecture from the perspectives of plan and form, decoration aesthetically has reached its' zenith in the classical period. In order to maintain a monumental view the main body of the tomb has been lifted up and a system of double wall dome has been applied. The harem has been illuminated via two or three lines of windows. The front part has been shaped via profiled moldings and colorful stones have rarely been used. Colonnade could never be given up. The portal, which had been shaped with basket handled, has taken their classical shape as with mukarnas or pointed arch. The classical Ottoman decoration has freed itself from Persian and Anatolian influences and developed the Istanbul type. Ornaments have been arranged so that they fit to the structure. To all material similar ornaments has been applied. As a result, the Ottoman tomb architecture and search for innovations in its decoration has began in Bursa, developed in Istanbul and reached to its aesthetic ratios and classical type with the School of Sinan. Semavi EYİCE
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