Some Observations on the Contemporary History of Turkey

The reform movements in Late Ottoman Period attained over time a character influencing almost every spaces of our life and molding the future of our country. Today, it constitutes one of the most central problems of our intellectual life. The literature on this process, which has been tried to be defined by the concepts having such distinct meanings like westernisation, modernisation, westernizing etc., includes several debates on conceptualization, periodization and aimed goals in this process. In this essay, the principal approaches to westernisation literature are analyzed. How our researchers have dealt with the issues related to westernization process is evaluated and the fact that our history of modernization still contains a plenty of questions to be enlightened by researchers is attempted to be shown. Yücel BULUT
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